Free Contraceptives to Drive a Rush to Switch

Durham, NC (PRWEB) November 13, 2012

OBGYNs expect one-third (32%) of their patients to immediately demand to be switched to a free option as soon their 2013 health plans take effect, according to a Phoenix Healthcare national poll. These doctors also believe that few of their patients (19%) will know which brands they can choose from for free. Phoenix, which tracks the birth control shopping patterns of 1,000 women each month, predicts a battle among brands to become first choice preference will heat up the DTC market by the end of the year.

The poll was conducted over the weekend of October 27-28 by Phoenix Healthcare in partnership with MedePolls. Phoenix Healthcares 360

'Viagra' traffickers detained

'Viagra' traffickers detained
The raid also saw the confiscation of some PLN 1.5 million in conterfeit Viagra. The pills were sold from a shop selling electronic gadgets and car accessories, the spokesperson for the border guards, Dagmara Bielec-Janas, told IAR news service. “The …

Viagra linked to melanoma
The study authors concluded, “Sildenafil [Viagra] use may be associated with an increased risk of developing melanoma. Although this study is insufficient to alter clinical recommendations, we support a need for continued investigation of this …
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#Long told his victims that he had a buyer willing to pay $ 4 million for his (fictional) pharmaceutical business that manufactured an “herbal Viagra” pill. He invited certain persons in his Friday-night Bible studies class to join as “original …
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DoD spends $84M a year on Viagra, similar meds

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Research into the molecular mechanisms underlying sepsis has unexpectedly suggested that an existing class of drugs used to treat erectile dysfunction (ED) may be beneficial. By studying a mouse model of sepsis, researchers at the University of …
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Female viagra pills could soon be coming to a pharmacy near you

Female viagra pills could soon be coming to a pharmacy near you
Sprout Pharmaceuticals have created a female viagra pill, and they're doing their damndest to get it on the market asap. Despite having had their horn-inducing tablet rejected on two previous occasions by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), they're …
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Pfizer's patent holders of respond. People who show that the success so it would still figuring other impotence drugs, the new prescribes Viagra may soon be in the less-stigmatizing medication, overwhelmed with a watchdog group.Dr. Hossein Sadeghi …
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He's a geezer: Shane Richie confesses to taking VIAGRA on EastEnders set
Shane told Graham Norton on an EastEnders special show: "It was when Viagra had just come out and we all took one – we were told they would take 20 minutes to work so I popped a pill at the end of the day. "Just as I was on my way out the director said …

New Jersey’s Iconic Lighthouses Open for Fall Tours

Trenton, NJ (PRWEB) October 02, 2014

The 2014 Lighthouse Challenge of New Jersey is scheduled for the weekend of Oct. 18-19. Available to participants are tours of three museums Tatham, U.S. Station 30 and Barnegat plus 11 lighthouses. In addition, visitors will have the opportunity to climb Navesink Twins North Tower, which offers spectacular ocean views, as well as participate in night climbs at the Absecon, Cape May, Tinicum, and Tuckerton lighthouses.

The goal for Lighthouse Challenge participants is to visit all of New Jerseys beautifully maintained navigational aids, which represent a rich nautical history and a testament to a level of engineering and quality that continue to withstand the test of time. In addition, participants will earn souvenirs at each tour site. Proceeds from the Challenge will help raise needed funds for the continued preservation of these treasured state landmarks.

During the weekend of the Challenge, most of the museums and lighthouses open at 8 a.m. and close at 6 p.m., although there are exceptions. A complete list of hours of operation is available at,, and

# # #

Twin Lights of Navesink

2 Lighthouse Rd.; Highlands


When Henry Hudson first saw the high hills here in 1609, he described them as being a very good land to fall with a pleasant land to see. Indeed, there are many firsts associated with the Twin Lights, which tower 250 feet above Sandy Hook Bay on one of the highest points along the coast. Twin Lights of Navesink is where the United States first Fresnel lens was located, where Guglielmo Marconi demonstrated the first practical use of the wireless telegraph in 1899, and where the first lamps to be fueled by kerosene were used in 1883. Plus, in 1898, Twin Lights became one of the first electrically lit seacoast lighthouses in the country. The present day brownstone double lighthouses were built in 1862 on the site of the original 1828 Navesink Lighthouses. Twin Lights was decommissioned in 1949. The handsome building today houses a museum of lighthouse and lifesaving station artifacts, offering films and slide shows. Spectacular views are also available from atop the medieval-style towers. Located in Highlands, it is open daily from 10 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. during the summer, and 10 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Wednesday through Sunday the rest of the year. Exhibits and gift shop are accessible to the disabled. A small donation is requested.

Barnegat Lighthouse

State Park 208 Broadway & Long Beach Blvd.; Barnegat Light


Barnegat Lighthouse features panoramic views of Long Beach Island, Barnegat Inlet and Island Beach State Park, trails through one of the state’s last maritime forests, a birding site for water fowl, fishing and scheduled nature walks and talks. Located on the northern tip of Long Beach Island, this lighthouse is regarded as one of the most crucial change-of-course points for coastal vessels. Bound to and from New York along the New Jersey coastline, vessels depended on Barnegat Lighthouse to avoid the shoals extending from the shoreline. The swift currents, shifting sandbars and the offshore shoals challenged the skills of even the most experienced sailors. The park is included as a maritime site on the New Jersey Coastal Heritage Trail. The nearby Barnegat Light Museum houses the lighthouse’s original Fresnel lens. Barnegat Lighthouse is open Memorial Day to Labor Day. To climb the lighthouse, the fees are $ 3 for those 12 years and older, $ 1 for 6 to 11, and free for 5 and under.

Absecon Lighthouse

31 S. Rhode Island Ave.; Atlantic City

609.449.1360 | 609.449.1919

Built in 1857, the 171-foot Absecon Lighthouse is New Jersey’s tallest. It hosts educational programs, weddings, guided tours, events and more, and remains one of Atlantic City’s most popular attractions. Visitors can take an amazing journey into time and as they ascend the 228 steps of Absecon, one of the oldest lighthouses in the country. Breathtaking views of the Atlantic City skyline will greet those who make the top, where the original first-order Fresnel Lens, originally lit in 1857, can be viewed. The lighthouse’s recent multi-million dollar restoration also includes a stunning replica of the lightkeepers dwelling, an educational museum, gift shop, and a Fresnel Lens exhibit in the original Oil House and expansive grounds. It is free to visit the keepers house museum, exhibits and grounds. There is a small admission fee to climb to the top of the lighthouse.

Tuckerton Seaport

120 W. Main St., Rte. 9; Tuckerton


Tuckerton features a 40-acre working Maritime Village with 16 restored and replicated buildings, including the Tucker’s Island Lighthouse. These buildings preserve maritime history, heritage, and lifestyle of baymen. Tuckers Island Light is a re-creation of an Atlantic Ocean lighthouse that fell into the sea in 1927 after years of pounding surf and beach erosion. Originally erected in 1848, the lighthouse now stands in Tuckerton Seaport, serving as a maritime interpretive center. It houses exhibits telling the history of the U.S. Lifesaving Service, Barnegat Bay pirates and the bay itself. It is open daily from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m., and is closed on major holidays. Admission fees: $ 8 adults, $ 6 seniors (62 and older), $ 5 children 6-12, free for children 5 and under.

East Point Lighthouse

10 Lighthouse Rd. & E. Point Rd.; Heislerville

856.546.7810 |

The East Point Lighthouse stands alone in a picturesque setting on the shore of Delaware Bay, marking the mouth of the Maurice River and miles from any developed lands. East Point Lighthouse has guided commercial fishermen and pleasure boaters since 1849. Its distinctive Cape Cod features were the inspiration for many of the early lighthouses built on the Pacific Coast. The two-story red brick structure is painted white and is topped by a bright red roof and lantern. Group tours may be arranged.

Finns Point Rear Range Light

197 Lighthouse Rd.; Pennsville


This wrought-iron lighthouse is listed on the National Registry of Historic Places. Originally constructed in Buffalo, and then moved here by train and mule-wagon, this unusual open-frame lighthouse was built in 1876 at a cost of $ 1,200. Standing 115 feet tall, it featured a 24-inch range lens with double wick burner and kerosene vapor lamp, which emitted 150,000 candlepower. Close by is Fort Mott State Park, a 104-acre waterfront park with buildings and gun emplacements from the Spanish-American War.

Tinicum Rear Range Lighthouse

2nd St. & Mantua Ave.; Paulsboro


First lit on New Years Eve in 1880, this light pairs with the Tinicum Front Range Light to serve as a key guide for ships heading north along the Delaware River toward ports at Philadelphia and Camden. Its fixed red light and 1,000-watt lamps exhibit 500,000 candlepower from atop an 85-foot-high tower. Tinicum Rear Range Lighthouse is open the third weekend of each month, April through October, from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. on Saturdays, and 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. on Sundays. Admission is free. Donations are requested.

Hereford Inlet Lighthouse

111 N. Central Ave.; North Wildwood


Open year round, Hereford Inlet Lighthouse is a working lighthouse as well as a museum open to the public for guided and self-guided tours. Visitors will learn about the history of Hereford and get a glimpse of the life of a lighthouse keeper in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. A park surrounding the lighthouse is designed with many different garden areas containing more than 200 plant varieties. The award-winning gardens are planted in the Vi

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300 Below invests in Millikin University Institute for Science Entrepreneurship to Save Illinois Jobs and Support Homegrown Business

Decatur, IL (PRWEB) September 30, 2014

300 Below, Inc. and Millikin University announced their renewed partnership through Millikins Institute for Science Entrepreneurship (ISE). 300 Below called upon local business leaders in Central Illinois to commit additional resources to ISE in order to foster enhanced innovation in the sciences, empower the creation of new science-focused startups, and extend training and resources to shrink the employment gap in Central Illinois between companies seeking to hire technical talent and its rising numbers of unemployed citizens seeking to fill local positions.

According to the Illinois Policy Institute, there are 300,000 fewer people working in Illinois today compared to when the Great Recession began, the

DHHS plans to stop reimbursement for methadone treatment

DHHS plans to stop reimbursement for methadone treatment
"It goes against one of the central tenants in medical care treatment which is receiving individual care. While suboxone is great medication and saves thousands of lives who have opioid use disorder, it is not for everyone," said Director of Medicine …
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Design of New 9/11 Memorial Sculpture in Bucks County Unveiled

Doylestown, PA (PRWEB) September 24, 2014

The Board of Bucks County Commissioners and the Travis Manion Foundation unveiled the design of the 9/11 Memorial sculpture that will serve as the centerpiece of the new Bucks County Justice Centers pocket park on Sept. 23.

The sculpture entitled Renew. Resolve. Remember. will feature a 20-ft steel I-beam from the rubble of the World Trade Center that was granted to the Travis Manion Foundation by the Port Authority of New York in 2009. This project began five years ago after my mother and founder of the Travis Manion Foundation, Janet Manion, read an article in the Wall Street Journal detailing the available artifacts from the World Trade Center, Ryan Manion Borek, President of the Travis Manion Foundation said. She was excited at the prospect of bringing a piece of our nations collective history home to Bucks County and envisioned creating a public memorial that symbolized the resilient spirit of America. Upon receiving the beam, the Foundation donated it to the County of Bucks in 2011 in hopes that the county would erect a fitting monument for the entire community to observe.

After the Travis Manion Foundation donated the beam to Bucks County, we joined together to realize Janets dream of having a 9/11 Memorial sculpture in Doylestown, Bucks County Commissioner Chairman Robert Loughery said. We put together a committee of community representatives to oversee the development of the sculpture and the committee put out a call to the local community and asked artists to propose designs for the sculpture. The Renew. Resolve. Remember. sculpture, designed by artist Alan Goldstein and architect Richard Bartels, was selected following the extensive search.

Goldstein is a native New Yorker who grew up in Brooklyn, and now lives in New Hope, Pa. Architect Richard Bartels brings more than 40 years of experience in the field to the project. Goldstein expressed that the memorial is not a war memorial, but a memorial to recognize the resiliency of our nation and it will be dedicated to all members of the military, veterans, first responders, and citizens of the United States that were affected by the events of Sept. 11, 2001.

Present for the unveiling of the design were President of the Travis Manion Foundation, Ryan Manion Borek; Bucks County Commissioners Robert Loughery and Charles Martin; and sculpture artist Alan Goldstein.

The sculpture is expected to be open to the public upon completion in summer 2015, but donations are needed to support the development of the memorial. A donor recognition plaque will be present at the park to acknowledge top-level donors and major financial contributions from the community.

For more information about the sculpture or to make a donation, visit

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Back to School and the Newest Chemical to Watch: Phthalates

With children across the country returning to school this week, many parents are just completed the infamous back-to-school shopping trip, wherein backpacks, notebooks, pencils, markers, and locker decorations were purchased. This year, some scientists and politicians are warning about the dangers of phthalates.

Phthalates are also known as “plasticizers.” This is a group of industrial chemicals, used in everything from raincoats, shower curtains, toys, and children’s backpacks. According to the Environmental Working Group, phthalates can disrupt the endocrine system, decrease a man’s sperm count, and possibly even cause cancer.

This week, the Center for Health, Environment and Justice released the “Back-to-School Guide for PVC-Free School Supplies.” The report tells parents how to avoid PVCs, calling them “poisonous.” A number of media sources have picked up the story and are cautioning parents against purchasing products containing these chemicals. However, not everyone is necessarily ready to call phthalates a health hazard just yet.

An op-ed piece appearing on this week blasts the allegations made by some politicians and environmental groups, noting that many of the studies only involved animals or test groups so small that it would be irresponsible to draw sweeping conclusions from them:

Most recently, in NeuroToxicology, the Mt. Sinai Hospital researcher linked phthalates and another controversial plasticizer, bisphenol A, to a variety of health problems including neuro-developmental delays, behavioral issues and reduced fertility. Her evidence? She examined urine samples from 10 Mennonite women —yes, 10 of 1.5 million Mennonites worldwide. From a science perspective, any conclusions she might make from such a dismally small sample is literally ridiculous—but the media had a field day, nonetheless.

The truth is that there simply is not enough information out there at this point to make a definite determination regarding the safety of phthalates. These chemicals not not highly regulated, and science is still emerging about any potential long-term effects.


Surface Miners Inhaling Toxic Dust At Risk for Black Lung

Many surface coal miners previously believed that only their colleagues working underground were at risk for contracting black lung disease. A new study conducted by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) says otherwise.

Black lung disease is simply a common name used to describe any lung disease that can be contracted by inhaling coal dust. The name is derived from the appearance of a person’s lungs, which normally appear to be pink. There are two types of black lung disease, also known as coal workers’ pneumoconiosis: coal workers’ pneumoconiosis (CWP or the “simple” form); and progressive massive fibrosis (PMF or the “complicated” form).

Utilizing chest x-rays and breathing tests, researchers at NIOSH discovered severe cases of black lung disease in surface coal miners. While a prior study, completed in 2002, revealed less than a 2% incidence rate of black lung disease, this current study revealed that the rate is actually about five times higher.

Although it is still somewhat unclear as to what specific chemicals are the most harmful, researchers have speculated that silica dust, found primarily in the Appalachian region, is especially dangerous.

Because of these findings, researchers are now alleging that federal regulations governing coal miners may be insufficient to protect workers. Currently, miners who work on the surface are often exposed to clouds of dust around coal trucks, mines, and along mine roadways.

Inhaling coal dust also increases the risk of contracting emphysema, chronic bronchitis, or COPD. X-rays are able to detect many lung diseases early, so workers who are concerned should get tested so that early treatment options are available to them. If an x-ray does reveal a formal positive diagnosis of black lung disease, workers have a legal right to be transferred to a less dusty working environment without a reduction in pay.

If you have suffered a lung injury from working in a coal mine or by inhaling toxic substances, contact our firm for a complimentary consultation or fill out the form below.

For more information on the study and on black lung disease, please see the following sources:

North Carolina Governor Rejects Fracking Legislation

On Sunday, North Carolina Governor Bev Perdue vetoed a bill which would have allowed companies to drill for natural gas in North Carolina through the highly controversial fracking process. (For background information on fracking, please see our blog post from August 24, 2011.) Governor Purdue said in a public statement that she did not believe the legislation contained adequate environmental protection.

“I support energy policies that create jobs and lower costs for businesses and families,” Perdue said. “Our drinking water and the health and safety of North Carolina’s families are too important; we can’t put them in jeopardy by rushing to allow fracking without proper safeguards.”

While Governor Perdue’s veto was criticized by the leadership in both the State House and Senate, the move received praise from a number of state and national environmental groups, who have been cautioning against the risks associated with fracking for many months now.

While Republicans in North Carolina supported fracking for its potential to create many jobs within the state, Democrats and many environmental groups fear that the process will contaminate drinking water and is therefore not worth the risk. They argue that releasing toxic chemicals into potable water could create massive health risks for those consuming water from sources near fracking sites.

To read more about the bill in North Carolina, please see the article in the Charlotte Observer.

If you or a loved one has been injured by contaminated water or soil, please contact our firm for a complimentary consultation to learn more about your rights.

New Vaccination Designed to Help Smokers Quit and Prevent Non-Smokers from Starting

British scientists have developed a vaccination that is designed to remove all addictive properties of nicotine. Specifically, the pleasure your body associates with smoking would no longer be generated when you smoke a cigarette.

While human trials for the vaccine have yet to begin, tests on mice have proven to be successful. After a single dose, mice were found to be immune to nicotine addiction for their entire lifespan.

The vaccine contains a harmless virus, which is engineered to generate anti-nicotine antibodies upon administration. The virus works by selectively affecting cells in the liver.

Because the vaccine works by turning liver cells into antibody generators, it is expected to cost far less than prior vaccines, which required antibodies to be administered directly. Because older vaccines have required numerous administrations of these antibodies, they were believed to be less effective and more costly.

If human trials are successful, scientists believe that the vaccine could be administered to children, who have never tried a cigarette. This should prevent any recipients of the vaccine from ever deriving pleasure from smoking.

To read more about the vaccine, please visit Sky News.

Certain Toxic Chemicals Possibly Linked to Autism

The product of a conference hosted by the Children’s Environmental Health Center (CEHC) in 2010 has gained publicity in the past few days. Philip Landrigan, MD, MSc, Luca Lambertini, PhD, MPH, MSc, and Linda Birnbaum, Director of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, recently published an editorial called “A Research Strategy to Discover the Environmental Causes of Autism and Neurodevelopmental Disabilities.” The editorial focuses on certain toxic chemicals that the editors suggest are linked to autism.

Autism Awareness Ribbon

According to the National Academy of Sciences, 3 percent of neurobehavioral disorders in children are caused by exposure to toxins in the environment. The disorders in this category include ADHD and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). An additional 25 percent of these disorders are believed to be caused by a mix of exposure to environmental factors and genetics, though the exact causes are still unknown. Researchers at Mount Sinai have estimated that between 400,000 and 600,000 of the 4 million children born each year in the U.S. are affected by these issues.

For these reasons, Dr. Landrigan, as well as four other editorials, have called for additional studies to be conducted to determine which chemicals might be causing conditions like autism. The CEHC listed ten chemicals it believes to be linked to causing autism and learning disabilities. They are:

1. Lead

2. Methylmercury

3. PCBs

4. Organophosphate pesticides

5. Organochlorine pesticides

6. Endocrine disruptors

7. Automotive exhaust

8. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

9. Brominated flame retardants

10. Perfluorinated compounds

If you or a family member have been injured by exposure to a toxic substance, contact our firm for a complementary consultation. We have over 25 years of experience and would be happy to explain your legal options, free of cost.

For more information on these chemicals and their potential link to autism, please click here.

The New Drug of Choice: Hand Sanitizer?

While you certainly can’t sue over the subject matter of this post, this new trend is so baffling that it nonetheless merits attention. According to a recent article in the L.A. Times, a new trend is emerging on college campuses throughout the country: drinking hand sanitizer.

In the past year, the California Poison Control System announced that it has received sixty reported cases of teenagers drinking hand sanitizer. In order to kill all of those germs on your hands, sanitizer contains 62% ethyl alcohol. Unfortunately, many teens have begun to utilize the substance to create a very potent alcoholic beverage, which sometimes includes salt to separate out the alcohol. Some students reported locating instructions for making this stiff cocktail on the Internet.

If you are concerned that your child might be interested in experimenting, there are ways to continue using hand sanitizer, while minimizing the availability of the product around your house. According to Cyrus Rangan of the Children’s Hospital Los Angeles, “All it takes is just a few swallows and you have a drunk teenager.” Health experts have advised purchasing foam hand sanitizers instead of the liquid versions, as the foam is more difficult to transform into a legal beverage.

To read more about this, please see the following sources:

California Study Finds Toxins in Nail Polish

Reports in a variety of scientific journals demonstrate that nail salon employees suffer from more frequent headaches, respiratory issues, and skin irritation than most Americans. Furthermore, those working in nail salons are frequently exposed to dangerous chemicals at higher levels than most.

With this in mind, it is disturbing that the Department of Toxic Substances Control is releasing a report, showing that toxic chemicals were found in a number of nail products, claiming to be toxic-free. ”Toxic-free” refers to products not using the “toxic trio:” formaldahyde, toluene, and dibutyl phthalate. Exposure to these three chemicals has been linked to both cancer and birth defects.

According to Thu Quach of the Cancer Prevention Institute of California, nail products are not closely regulated, and the toxic effects of nail products can be compounded if a nail salon is not properly ventilated. Therefore, some cities have begun to pay attention and implement stricter regulations. While Boston has approached the issue by requiring salons to obtain health permits, the city of San Francisco has used an incentive approach by recognizing salons that use toxic-free products.

If you or a loved one have been injured by a toxic product, contact us for a complementary consultation.

For more information on toxic nail products, please see the article appearing in today’s Los Angeles Times.

Cancer Cluster in Fridley, MN? Erin Brockovich is on the Scene.

Shortly after wrapping up an investigation in upstate New York, Erin Brockovich has traveled to Fridley, Minnesota, where she and her team are now attempting to decipher what might be causing elevated cancer levels in the area. Current estimates place the incidence of cancer in Fridley at around ten percent higher than other areas in the state.

While heightened occurrences of all types of cancer are cause for concern, epidemiologists are working to trace which types of cancers are appearing more than others. John Soler, an epidemiologist for the Minnesota Cancer Surveillance System, indicated that initial findings revealed higher concentrations of lung cancer, especially in women. Despite this, Soler noted that final numbers have yet to be crunched.

In the meantime, Bob Bowcock, Brockovich’s associate, is reaching out to Fridley residents on the facebook page, “Fridley Cancer Cluster.” The page was started by residents and was one of the reasons Fridley caught Brockovitch’s attention.

The page has nearly 1,900 members and is full of stories from locals whose lives have been affected by cancer.

For more on this issue, please visit any of the following sites:

More Reasons to Quit Smoking

Just when you thought you had heard every possible reason under the sun to quit smoking, another one emerges. The latest incentive for kicking your habit comes from an article released today by Reuters. The article pronounces, not only is smoking bad for you, for your friends and family, for those around you, but it’s a “drag on the world economy.”

The Tobacco Atlas, funded by the American Cancer Society and World Lung Foundation, launched a book, which contains a number of statistics concerning the harm caused by tobacco. One of the most important figures indicates that smoking costs around 1 to 2 percent of the world’s gross domestic product every year. Included in these figures are costs such as healthcare expenses for treating tobacco-related illnesses and the costs of tobacco-related absences from work.

Today, there are around 7 billion people on the planet, and approximately one out of every seven smokes. Each year, approximately 600,000 non-smokers die as a result of second-hand smoke.

Sadly, these staggering statistics don’t seem so staggering after being in the news for so many years. The World Health Organization is taking action to curtail global tobacco use, and so are nations around the globe. As of today, 174 countries have signed and ratified the WHO’s Framework Convention on Tobacco Control.

While this is certainly a step in the right direction, the Convention lacks any penalties for a State’s failure to comply with Convention provisions. The United States has signed the treaty, but it has not been ratified. Therefore, the signature is nothing more than a symbolic gesture; treaties are not binding until they have been ratified.

While frightening statistics about tobacco use and related injuries have become the norm, and while one more article likely won’t cause anyone to to toss their last pack of Marlboros in the trash, it remains important to be reminded every once in a while that kicking the habit can not only save lives, but apparently, it can help our ailing economy.

Is Fluoride in Water Dangerous?

Recently, the New Jersey State Legislature introduced a bill, requiring all public water systems to add fluoride to local water supplies. This bill was proposed in light of the discovery that around two hundred New Jersey municipalities have stopped adding fluoride to water.


Fluoride prevents tooth decay and guards against the development of cavities. According to WebMD, the mineral allows teeth to resist being damaged by bacteria and sugars in the mouth, and it reversed early tooth decay. In fact, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention has hailed the addition of fluoride to local water supplies as one of the top ten public health achievements of the 20th century.

Objections to fluoridation of water have been raised over concerns that fluoride, in addition to preventing tooth decay, also can cause bone weakness if consumed in high doses over many years.

In 1986, the E.P.A. mandated that fluoride levels in water could not exceed 4.0 milligrams per liter. This regulation was accompanies by a suggestion that levels actually be limited to 2.0 milligrams per liter. Twenty years later, the National Research Council released a study it was asked by the E.P.A. to conduct. The study indicated that the 4.0 maximum level should be lowered, though it does not specify by how much. Today, the E.P.A. is still pondering how to proceed.

It seems that other federal agencies are beginning to take notice of the issue as well. In January 2011, the Department of Health and Human Services recommended that fluoride levels be capped at 0.7 milligrams per liter.

In light of these findings and recommendations, cities throughout the country have begun to explore the issue in greater detail. While many cities in New Jersey have elected to abandon fluoride in local water, others like Aspen, CO and Shippensburg, PA have elected to continue adding it.

If you or a loved one has been harmed by a toxic substance, click here to contact our firm for a complementary consultation. A member of our staff who specializes in toxic torts will be happy to speak with you.

To learn more about fluoride in water, please see any of the following sources:

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